Unless you’re an industry insider, keeping up with the newest cannabis products offered on the US market is a challenge. Here, we are going to explore the differences between two popular cannabis derivatives, CBD and Delta-8. While CBD still dominates the cannabis market, Delta-8 is a high-selling new product that has garnered considerable attention in the past year or so – and for good reason.
Delta-8, CBD, and the Family Tree of Cannabinoids
CBD, Delta-9 THC, and Delta-8 THC are three of the better-known members of the family of over 100 cannabinoids that, as the name suggests, are found mainly (but not exclusively) in the versatile cannabis plant. Cannabinoids, along with terpenes and flavonoids, are the primary sources of cannabis’ potential medicinal value – where the magic happens. Cannabinoids produce their potential health benefits by acting on the endogenous cannabinoid system found in nearly all animals on Earth. Once ingested (through smoke, food products, or transdermal absorption), CBD enters the bloodstream where it travels to connect to CB1 and CB2 endocannabinoid receptors situated on the cells of every major organ and tissue in the body.
As we’ll get into here, not every cannabinoid exerts the same physiological or psychological effects when consumed. Coming up, we will compare and contrast the respective effects of arguably the two most popular commercially available cannabinoids: CBD and Delta-8.
What Is CBD?
If you’ve spent any time in the cannabis-sphere, CBD is a well-trodden acronym that you are likely already familiar with. CBD stands for cannabidiol, a molecule extracted from cannabis that has multiple, well-tested, potentially therapeutic benefits.
The research to back CBD’s potential health benefits, by 2021, is rock-solid. Chief among these is its potential anti-inflammatory action. Systemic, low-grade inflammation – an epidemic in modern populations — drives nearly every major chronic illness. Regular CBD use may mitigate chronic inflammation in 4 key ways:
- Induced apoptosis (programmed cell death) of immune cells
- Inhibiting immune cell proliferation
- T-cell suppression
- Cytokine suppression. Cytokines are immune proteins implicated in the deadly COVID-19 “cytokine storm.” Accordingly, evidence suggests that CBD may be a powerful therapeutic in preventing severe illness in infected individuals.
It’s important to note that CBD is not psychoactive like Delta-8 and Delta-9 THC, meaning that it does not produce the “high” that is typically associated with cannabis use.
Rather, CBD is classified as a THC isomer, meaning that it shares the same molecular formula (same atoms, same atomic numbers) as psychoactive Delta-8 and Delta-9 but in a unique arrangement. Imagine, as a very rough analogy, two human hands – one right and one left. They share the same properties and are made of the same materials, but they cannot be superimposed on one another to match in form.
As a result, Delta-8 and CBD produce distinct effects that are worthy of further exploration.
What Is Delta-8 THC and Why Is This Cannabinoid So Attractive to Cannabis Users?
“Delta-8” is shorthand for the cannabinoid’s scientific name, delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol. Delta-8 is technically THC, and so is also often referred to as “Delta-8 THC” – the terms are interchangeable.
Like its close cousin Delta-9 THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) and unlike CBD, Delta-8 does produce a psychoactive effect in users – i.e., a “high.”
Because Delta-8 and Delta-9 are both THC compounds with a nearly identical molecular structure, they produce very similar effects when consumed. The key difference is that Delta-9 THC is by far the more prevalent of the two in the cannabis plant. In common parlance, “THC” usually refers to “Delta-9 THC,” although the label applies equally to Delta-8 THC.
It’s not a stretch to say that the immoral, failed war on cannabis has fueled the rise of Delta-8’s popularity because it provides a creative legal runaround to draconian laws that outlaw Delta-9 THC.
The historical impediments to mass production of Delta-8 THC have been its limited concentration in most cannabis strains. However, the revolutionary 2018 Farm Bill passed by the US Congress upended decades of hemp prohibition and opened the door for legal commercial cultivation of cannabis at scale – including the production of Delta-8.
Within the last two years, cannabis entrepreneurs have begun to extract Delta-8 from CBD in vast quantities, making it widely available to US consumers. Delta-8 produced through this extraction process is known as “hemp-derived THC.”
Common Questions About Delta-8
Understandably, because it is so new to the US market, cannabis users often have several questions surrounding this exotic new cannabinoid, its uses, and legality. Let’s get into them.
Common questions about Delta-8:
- Is Delta-8 Legal in My State? The federal prohibition on THC only applies to Delta-9 THC, not Delta-8. Instead, the legal regulation of Delta-8 falls to the states per the US Constitution. Accordingly, Delta-8 is entirely legal across the union except for the following states that have banned it: Utah, Rhode Island, Montana, Mississippi, Iowa, Idaho, Delaware, Colorado, Arkansas, Arizona, and Alaska.
In Georgia, House Bill 213, passed in 2019, fully legalized CBD and Delta-8 throughout the state.
- What Age Requirements Govern the Purchase and Use of Delta-8? Because Delta-8 is relatively new, the legal minimum age of purchase is still a murky legal area. As with CBD, the states are left to govern the minimum age requirements to purchase Delta-8. The inevitable result of this “Wild West” approach to regulation is that laws vary – sometimes widely — between states. Additionally, the origin of the CBD sale also factors in. For example, in many states, if you buy your Delta-8 from a legal cannabis dispensary, you must be 21. If, however, you purchase Delta-8 over the web, there are virtually no effective age restrictions.
Any adult in Georgia can legally purchase Delta-8 from a licensed retailer.
The Bottom Line in CBD vs Delta-8
Delta-8 is distinct from CBD primarily in its psychoactive effects. While they are both powerful cannabinoids with potentially extensive medicinal and therapeutic uses in their own rights, the key difference is that Delta-8 THC produces a “high” similar to Delta-9 THC. CBD, on the other hand, which is generally used therapeutically and not recreationally, does not trigger such an effect. Both CBD and Delta-8 are legal for adults to purchase and use in the vast majority of states, including Georgia.